Garmin Terminal Safety Solutions are a unique set of technologies designed to enhance pilot situational awareness throughout taxi, takeoff and landing operations within the airport terminal environment. These safety-supporting tools help give pilots a clear understanding of their location relative to traffic on the ground and in the air — while also providing notifications of potential runway incursions or other safety conflicts.
SafeTaxi® Airport Diagrams
Available on virtually all Garmin in-cockpit and portable moving map displays, SafeTaxi diagrams are available for more than 2,000 airports throughout the U.S., Canada and Europe — and more are being added all the time. In addition to showing your aircraft’s location on airport runways, taxiways, tie-down aprons, etc., SafeTaxi also identifies as “hot spots” those confusing or complex taxiway and/or runway intersections – as well as hold short lines and other critical surface markers. SafeTaxi is seamlessly integrated with existing basemap data, so airport information automatically appears at the appropriate map range setting on your display, with details increasing as the range setting decreases.
Upon landing, the SafeTaxi diagram comes up on your map display, showing you where you are on the runway layout and letting you see which taxiways will take you to the ramp or hangar you need to locate on the airport. TerminalTraffic™ technology also gives you the capability to see other ADS-B-equipped aircraft or vehicles moving in your vicinity on the airport. So, if there’s a line of aircraft queued up for takeoff, or if there’s tie-up at the entrance to a busy ramp — you’ll be able to see the situation in time to make your best routing decision or clearance request.
This alerting feature offers pilots an all-inclusive display of ADS-B-equipped aircraft and ground vehicles operating in the airport environment – using distinct colors and symbols to distinguish between aircraft that are taxiing and those that are airborne. Audible traffic alerts also may be provided to ensure pilots are made aware of potential traffic conflicts during critical operations such as takeoff and landing. Visual depiction of this situational information is provided to the pilot on a simple, easy-to-understand onscreen diagram which geo-references one’s aircraft in relation to runways, taxiways, hangars, ramp locations and more.
For rotorcraft operators, a special version – TerminalTraffic for helicopters – recognizes the unique operational requirements of these airframes within the airport environment. The software is optimized to keep “nuisance” alerts to a minimum – while maintaining pilot awareness of potential traffic conflicts. Alerts from nearby fixed-wing aircraft are minimized and abbreviated when your helicopter is hovering or performing other maneuvers unique to VTOL operations. To minimize audio traffic in the cockpit, these tailored alerts are accompanied by an abbreviated aural “traffic” alert when operating below 400 feet and 40 knots.
This top-level runway monitoring technology provides indications and alerts which can help prevent pilots from taking off or landing on a taxiway, or on a runway that is too short, or on the wrong runway. For example, in the event an aircraft is aligned to take off on a runway that is too short, the flight crew is given a brief “runway too short” aural annunciation and a visual message on the primary flight display (PFD), based on the takeoff/landing distance (TOLD) performance data entered during preflight. While the aircraft is on takeoff roll, runway distance remaining information also is displayed on the PFD.
In the absence of TOLD calculations, pilots can manually enter minimum runway length information in order to receive alerts in the event the aircraft is lined up on the wrong runway. In addition, audible runway distance remaining annunciations are optionally available, providing callouts beginning with 5,000 feet remaining and continuing through 500 feet.